Technology

The essence of this innovation is a combination of thermal effect on a substance being heated with effects of magnetic field. Magnetic fields do not transfer active energy, but they cause atom excitation, which makes transfer of active energy from a heat source to a substance being heated easier. High coefficient of performance is ensured for heat energy transfer.

Scientific and technical novelty of this development lies in creating new types of induction heating devices based on transformers with specifically short-circuited secondary pipe coils. If short-circuiting of secondary pipe coils occurs with current path being an uninterrupted closed surface that rotates about its axis, then the internal space of an induction heating elements becomes magnetic field resonator cavity. The stronger the secondary current, the greater is the impact of magnetic field on processes occurring within that cavity. These thermal and chemical processes occur with high coefficient of performance. Alongside with simplicity of the design, this allows to create highly effective energy-saving devices.

Innovativeness of technological solutions here lies in use of a standardized induction module which uses an original method for short-circuiting electrical currents with an amperage above 3,500 A. Compared to this, other known methods are technologically obsolete and expensive, therefore copper heating elements operating on high-amperage induction currents were not widely used before. Our original method of closing an inductor’s secondary circuit allows to create an energy-saving standardized brand-new induction module which can be used in three different types of devices.

The second innovative solution, on which the proposed designs are founded, is the method and device for extracting energy of a variable magnetic field induced by an induction head’s short-circuited coil (heating element). In this device, magnetic energy is easily transformed into a sustained low-temperature plasma discharge, which facilitates the process of low-temperature gasification for hydrocarbons (including those with water impurities), which increases combustion efficiency and coefficient of performance of burner devices.

The design of standard induction head was developed. Depending on parameters of its actuation, it can be used for:
а) heating of liquids used in heating and hot water supply systems;
б) for producing water steam in steam generators of low and medium capacity;
в) for homogenisation of hydrocarbons, including those with water impurities, to ensure their more efficient combustion.
All those units are simple in design and have low prime cost.
Design of a standard two-transformer induction module
Design of a standard two-transformer induction module

A device that transforms a part of a field energy into a sustained low-temperature plasma discharge under normal conditions has been developed. Such discharge, when combined with a disperser, facilitates breakdown of particles and may be used for homogenisation of liquids. When such discharge is combined with water steam, combustible gas is generated. A plasma discharge easily and steadily burns in water. All those effects accompany operation of an induction heater.

Devices which transform electric energy to heat energy through the new induction technology, have the following obvious advantages compared to the previously known designs:

- When water is heated to up to 100 C, efficiency is increased by 1.5% compared to known devices.

-  In the steam generation mode (180 С) the new technology reduces electric energy consumption by 2.5 to 3 times, compared to known methods that provide stable plasma burning.

 
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